Since every sentence has link with time, some sentences are tied to each other with respect to time and conjunction is used to join them, these are called Jumbled Sentences because they are formed by combining two sentences or phrases. Comma (,) is used as Separator between them.
Examples and Rules of Jumbled Sentences:
Followings are some rules with examples. If you join two sentences without any rule, their times will not relate to each other.
1- Both sentences can be in Present Indefinite Tense e.g. If you meet Ali, pay my compliments to him.
2- One sentence can be in Present Indefinite and the other can be in Future Indefinite e.g. If it rains, I’ll not come to you.
3- One sentence can be in Future Perfect while the other will be Present Indefinite e.g. He will have gone when you arrive.
4- One sentence can be in Past Perfect and the other in Past Indefinite e.g. The train had left when I reached the station.
It is not necessary that its translation in Urdu be the same. (Rules for jumbled Sentences are different in Urdu)
5- Both sentences can be in Perfect Tenses e.g. If I had made promise, I would have kept it.
6- Both can be in Past Indefinite e.g. I wrote a letter before I went to sleep.
Punctuation Marks are symbols which we use while writing and speaking to show where to stop and where to move. They depict rise and fall of the voice pitch.
Use of Punctuations:
1- Full Stop: (.)
Used at the end of a sentence.
I have a pen.
2- Question Mark: (?)
Used at the end of a question.
What is your name?
3- Comma: (,)
Comma is used to separate words (or sentences) or to continue statement.
Aslam, Akram and Ali are friends.
If it rains, I will not come.
4- Exclamation Mark: (!)
This sign is used to show expression of joy, sorrow, wonder, fear, anger or to address someone and for Salutations also.
Hurrah! We have won.
How beautiful this ring is!
Dear friends! How are you?
5- Apostrophe Sign: (’)
It is used to show possession of nouns or to abbreviate Helping Verbs.
Ali’s book, “Can not” is written as “Can’t”, “Do not” is written as “Don’t” etc.
6- Inverted Commas: (“”)
These are used for some quotation. Invert means “Turn Back”. These are put inverse of each other, that’s why we call them Inverted Commas.
These are mostly used in Direct Speech after Reporting Speech.
He said, “I am ill”.
7- Colon: (:)
We put Colon when some details are required or after some Heading.
Followings are the merits and demerits of Television:
8- Semi- Colon: (;)
It is used with the statements which are closely linked to each other.
Some people like summer season; but others like to enjoy sunshine of winter.
9- Capital Letter:
First letter of a sentence and any specific name are written in Capital. Whenever “I” is used as Pronoun, it is written in Capital whether it is in the start, mid or end of a sentence. As a letter, it is used in small.
It is a good book.
It is an English book.
I am a boy.
I take interest in studies.