Kinds of Tenses

Tense actually shows the time situation or some event happening.

Kinds of Tenses:
Time can be divided into three periods:
1- Present
2- Past
3- Future

Next are the time sections:
1- Indefinite
2- Continuous
3- Perfect
4- Perfect Continuous

Every tense can be different from the other on the basis of three things:
1- Change in Verb
2- Helping Verb
3- Sign in Urdu
For easy and quick learning, observe the following table (A single example has been given to express in all the tenses) and some rules are described below. But remember, Practice makes the man perfect, so go on making practice by different exercises.

1- Change in Verb:
It means form of verb we use will be different in every sentence.

2- Helping Verb:
It can be used in positive sentences as well as in negative and interrogative ones.

3- Sign in Urdu:
It means what comes at the end of Urdu Sentence. As we are Pakistani and our National Language is Urdu, so it is necessary to have know-how of sign in Urdu so that we may be able to translate from English to Urdu and From Urdu to English when we need.

Present

Past

Future

Verb

H.Verb

Urdu

Verb

H.Verb

Urdu

Verb

H.Verb

Urdu

Indefinite

1st Form

Do, Does

2nd Form

Did

1st Form

Will, Shall

Examples

He goes to school.

He went to school.

He will go to school.

Continuous

1st Form+ ing

Is, are, am

1st Form+ ing

Was, were

1st Form+ ing

Will be, shall be

Examples

He is going to school.

He was going to school.

He will be going to school.

Perfect

3rd Form

Has, have

3rd Form

Had

3rd Form+
Since/For

Will have, shall have

Examples

He has gone to school.

He had gone to school.

He will have gone to school.

Perfect Continuous

1st Form+ ing

Has been, have been

1st Form+ ing

Had been

1st Form+ ing

Will have been, shall have been

Examples

He has been going to school for two weeks.

He had been going to school since 3rd Aug, 2012.

He will have been going to school for some days.

Some Rules to Memorize Tenses: 1- The order of parts used in Sentence-Structure will be same.
2- You should learn forms of verb on your finger-tips.
3- “ing” is always used with 1st form of verb.
4- In Simple Positive Sentence of Present Indefinite Tense, don’t use helping verb. It is a common mistake committed by most of the people and leaves a bad impression upon the audience e.g. “I go to the park” is correct but I am go to the park is incorrect.
5- 2nd form of verb is only used in Past Indefinite Tense.
6- 2nd form can never be used with “ing”.
7- 3rd form is used in three cases:
a) In Perfect Tenses with Helping Verb e.g. I have done my work.
b) In Passive Voice with Helping Verb. (will be explained later) e.g. Apples are eaten by me.
c) As a Past Participle (Means as a Subject or Adjective) e.g. I am interested in learning English, Tired people do not perform well.

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